The writing historical fiction, for most authors, requires the discipline of a certain amount of research. To what extent authors do research depends on many factors. For my newest book series, I stepped into a world totally alien to me, so I had to start from scratch, educating myself on the basics of a new culture, from its politics down to what people ate and how they lived together in community.
For those interested in knowing how I learned about ancient Sumeria, I’ve compiled a bibliography of the resources I used. As with any research, some sources were more informative than others, but each item listed provided a cog of a different size in the greater whole.
Alfonso Archi. Tradition and Innovation in the Ancient Near East : Proceedings of the 57th Rencontre Assyriologique International at Rome, 4-8 July 2011. Eisenbrauns, 2014. EBSCOhost, search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=e000xna&AN=944010&site=ehost-live&scope=site.
Allen, Diogenes. Philosophy for Understanding Theology. Westminster/John Knox Press, 1986.
Bottéro, Jean. “The Culinary Tablets at Yale.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 107, no. 1, 1987, pp. 11–19. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/602948. Accessed 1 Apr. 2021.
Brown, Dale, editor. Mesopotamia: The Mighty Kings. Time Life UK, 1995.
“Chapter Eighteen. Women In Public: The Disk Of Enheduanna, The Beginning Of The Office Of En-Priestess, And The Weight Of Visual Evidence.” 34/2, 2009, pp. 65–83. Culture and History of the Ancient Near East.
Crawford, Harriet. Sumer and the Sumerians. 2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, 2004.
De Shong Meador, Betty. Princess, Priestess, Poet: The Sumerian Temple Hymns of Enheduanna. University of Texas Press, 2010.
Ferrara, A. J. “Urnamma of Ur in Sumerian Literary Tradition. Esther Flückiger-Hawker.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 61, no. 4, 2002, pp. 283–285.
Foster, Benjamin R., editor. The Epic of Gilgamesh. 2nd ed., WW Norton, 2019.
Goetze, Albrecht. “The Priestly Dress of the Hittite King.” Journal of Cuneiform Studies, vol. 1, no. 2, 1947, pp. 176–185. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1359264. Accessed 22 Mar. 2021.
Güterbock, Hans G. “Sargon of Akkad Mentioned by Ḫattušili I of Ḫatti.” Journal of Cuneiform Studies, vol. 18, no. 1, 1964, pp. 1–6. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1359335. Accessed 23 Mar. 2021.
Hallo, William W. “Beginning and End of the Sumerian King List in the Nippur Recension.” Journal of Cuneiform Studies, vol. 17, no. 2, 1963, pp. 52–57. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1359064. Accessed 25 Mar. 2021.
Hartman, Thomas C. “Some Thoughts on the Sumerian King List and Genesis 5 and 11B.” Journal of Biblical Literature, vol. 91, no. 1, 1972, pp. 25–32. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/3262917. Accessed 25 Mar. 2021.
Heidel, Alexander. Babylonian Genesis: The Story of the Creation. 2nd ed., University of Chicago Press, 1963.
—. The Gilgamesh Epic and Old Testament Parallels. 2nd ed., University of Chicago Press, 1963.
“Is There Archaeological Evidence of the Tower of Babel?” Christiananswers.Net, https://christiananswers.net/q-abr/abr-a021.html. Accessed 16 Mar. 2021.
Jacobsen, Thorkild. The Sumerian King List. University of Chicago Press, 1939.
Kramer, Samuel Noah. The Sumerians: Their History, Culture and Character. University of Chicago Press, 1971.
Kriwaczek, Paul. Babylon: Mesopotamia and the Birth of Civilization. Thomas Dunne Books, 2012.
Lewis, Brian. The Sargon Legend: A Study of the Akkadian Text and the Tale of the Hero Who Was Exposed at Birth (American Schools of Oriental Research Dissertation Series ; No. 4). American Schools of Oriental Research, 1980.
López, Raúl. “The Antediluvian Patriarchs and the Sumerian King List.” Answersingenesis.Org, Answers In Genesis, https://answersingenesis.org/bible-history/the-antediluvian-patriarchs-and-the-sumerian-king-list/. Accessed 2 Apr. 2021.
Michalowski, Piotr. “History as Charter Some Observations on the Sumerian King List.” Journal of the American Oriental Society, vol. 103, no. 1, 1983, pp. 237–248. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/601880. Accessed 25 Mar. 2021.
“Nimrod—Who Was He? Was He Godly or Evil?” Christiananswers.Net, https://christiananswers.net/dictionary/nimrod.html. Accessed 16 Mar. 2021.
Oppenheim, A. Leo. Ancient Mesopotamia: Portrait of a Dead Civilization. 2nd ed., University of Chicago Press, 1977.
Plato. Republic. Edited & translated by G. Grube, 2nd ed., Hackett Publishing, 1992.
Raaflaub, Kurt A.. Thinking, Recording, and Writing History in the Ancient World, John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2014. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/unwsp/detail.action?docID=1557269.
Richardson, Don. Eternity in Their Hearts. 3rd ed., Bethany House, 2006.
Rowton, M. B. “The Date of the Sumerian King List.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 19, no. 2, 1960, pp. 156–162. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/543906. Accessed 25 Mar. 2021.
Sandars, N. (1972). The epic of Gilgamesh : an English version with an introd. (Rev. ed. incorporating new material.). Penguin Books.
Silver, Morris. “Karl Polanyi and Markets in the Ancient Near East: The Challenge of the Evidence.” The Journal of Economic History, vol. 43, no. 4, 1983, pp. 795–829. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/2121050. Accessed 1 Apr. 2021.
The Age of God-Kings: 3000-1500 BC. Time-Life Books, 2000.
Time-Life Books. Sumer: Cities of Eden. Edited by Dale Brown, Time-Life Books, 1993.
Tom Scott vs Irving Finkel: The Royal Game of Ur | PLAYTHROUGH | International Tabletop Day 2017. Youtube, 28 Apr. 2017, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WZskjLq040I.
Vitkus, Saul N. “Sargon Unseated.” The Biblical Archaeologist, vol. 39, no. 3, 1976, pp. 114–117.
Walton, John. “The Antediluvian Section of the Sumerian King List and Genesis 5.” The Biblical Archaeologist, vol. 44, no. 4, 1981, pp. 207–208. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/sta”ble/3209665. Accessed 25 Mar. 2021.
Westenholz, Aage. “Early Nippur Year Dates and the Sumerian King List.” Journal of Cuneiform Studies, vol. 26, no. 3, 1974, pp. 154–156. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/1359269. Accessed 25 Mar. 2021.
Westenholz, Joan Goodnick. Legends of the Kings of Akkade : The Texts, Penn State University Press, 1997. ProQuest Ebook Central, https://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/unwsp/detail.action?docID=3155556.
Wilson, Clifford. “Ebla: Its Impact on Bible Records.” ICR, 1 Apr. 1977, www.icr.org/article/ebla-its-impact-bible-records/.
Young, Dwight W. “A Mathematical Approach to Certain Dynastic Spans in the Sumerian King List.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 47, no. 2, 1988, pp. 123–129. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/544384. Accessed 25 Mar. 2021.
Young, Dwight W. “The Incredible Regnal Spans of Kish I in the Sumerian King List.” Journal of Near Eastern Studies, vol. 50, no. 1, 1991, pp. 23–35. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/545413. Accessed 25 Mar. 2021.